Typesetting Standards

Straight quotation marks converted to typographer’s quotes
One space following a period
Punctuation set roman or italic to match the main text
Thin spaces before and after em dashes, depending on font; dash may fall at end or beginning of line
Number ranges separated by en dashes
Ellipses formed by three spaced periods; may fall at end or beginning of line
Hyphenation: maximum two hyphens in a row, one hyphen per word, compound words broken at their natural division, at least two letters before hyphen and three letters after; whenever possible, proper nouns or last word of paragraph or page won’t be hyphenated
Widows and orphans: at least two lines at top of page or column; one line permitted at bottom of page or column
Facing pages to have matching depths (same bottom margin) unless a variable page depth is part of the design
Page spreads may be shortened up to two lines to allow better fitting across a chapter
Last page of a chapter to have at least four lines
Subheads near beginning or end of page to be preceded or followed by at least two lines
Pages without text to be unnumbered and without running head
Page numbering: front matter in roman numerals; arabic numerals to begin with introduction or chapter 1
Nonfiction: chapters to begin on a right-hand page (recto)
Fiction: chapters to begin on next new page (recto or verso); chapters may begin on same page if page count is an issue
Nonfiction and fiction: major parts to begin on right-hand page (recto)